Prevention and Management of Elderly Dementia
Everyone gets old and sick and dies. Cells, the basic unit of human composition, have a fixed lifespan, cells that regenerate cannot regenerate indefinitely, and die if they exceed certain limits. Therefore, aging is an inevitable process. There are many different types of cells in the body that die and regenerate at the end of their life. But strangely enough, the neurons that make up the brain don’t regenerate. It has a dead brain because it was made in the mother’s womb. It’s dementia. The neurons we share throughout our lives die earlier than they’re given.
When a child is born, you can only see that he or she cries. He starts to crawl with his head in his hands. “Mom! Gradually learn how to speak, draw, use tools and acquire social skills. Patients with dementia go through the opposite process. I lose my memories that I learned and experienced, and I become a loner due to lack of social skills. They’re speechless, they don’t know how to use tools, they’re as simple as children.
I can’t even walk well later. Dementia is a bad disease that devastates people. It can cause pain for several years. Perhaps a patient who can’t remember can’t feel the pain. Alzheimer’s is a representative disease that causes dementia, and there are quite a lot of vascular dementia related to stroke in Korea. In addition, there are also inflammatory nutritional deficiencies and addictive dementia such as alcoholic dementia, Parkinson’s dementia, Louise dementia, and prefrontal head dementia. Both prognosis and treatment vary depending on the cause.
Unfortunately, Alzheimer’s is not a preventable disease. U.S. President Ronald Reagan, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, famous movie stars Charlton Heston and Rita Haywood, and Korea’s renowned female activist and first female lawyer, Dr. Lee Tae-young, also died from Alzheimer’s disease. Fortunately, vascular dementia is often prevented by medication, high blood pressure, diabetes control, exercise, smoking, abstinence, etc. If you get a head injury, you have twice the chance of getting dementia, 2.4 times the chance of living alone, 3 times if you have depression, 1.6 times if you don’t get education, and 1.5 times if you smoke. The important thing about the dementia prevention campaign promoted by the Dementia Association is to stop smoking and drinking, use a lot of hands, and use a lot of brains.
Regular exercise is also essential. Social support such as religious service, social service, and welfare budget expansion is needed for single and economically challenged senior citizens. If parents show symptoms of dementia, they need the cooperation and care of their families as they can maintain their daily lives to some extent in the beginning. Mid-term causes many disruptions in daily life, causing trouble at home or making it difficult for families to take care of during the day. It is recommended to use a nursing home at the end of the year because it is difficult to take care of urine, eat, bathe, wash your face, and brush your teeth. Long-term care insurance can ease the burden. Dementia is an inevitable disease, but it is an inevitable disease, so it is best to deal with and prepare in advance.